Orley, Bernard van


Orley, Bernard van
(1491/1492-1542)
   The leading painter in Brussels in the first half of the 15th century; influenced by the Northern Mannerists, particularly Jan Gossart. In 1515, van Orley was commissioned by Philip the Handsome to paint six portraits of his children to be given to the king of Denmark. This led to his appointment as court painter to Margaret of Austria in 1518 and, when Margaret died in 1530, van Orley worked as court painter to her successor as regent of the Netherlands, Mary of Hungary. From 1517, van Orley supervised the execution of tapestries made after Raphael's cartoons, and with this he was exposed firsthand to the Italian manner. His Job Altarpiece (1521; Brussels, Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts) is a Mannerist triptych painted for Margaret. The central panel shows the Destruction of the Children of Job, a violent scene contained in an Italianate architectural setting. His Last Judgment Altarpiece (1525; Antwerp, Musée Royal des Beaux-Arts) shows Italianate nudes in unusual poses, typical of the Mannerist style. Above is a domelike rendition of heaven, where Christ sits at the apex, recalling the semicircular sky in Raphael's Disputa in the Stanza della Segnatura (1510-1511) at the Vatican. On the side wings, van Orley depicted the Seven Acts of Mercy to elucidate the Christian belief that charitable acts can lead to salvation. Van Orley was also an accomplished portraitist. His portraits Doctor Joris van Zelle (1519; Brussels, Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts), of a physician working in Brussels, and Charles V (1521; Budapest, Szepmuveszeti Muzeum) present two monumentalized figures placed in a confined setting. Along with Gossart, Joos van Cleve, and Jan van Scorel, van Orley was responsible for introducing to the Low Countries the latest Italian art developments.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Orley, Bernard van — (ca. 1491 1542)    The most celebrated of 16th century painters in Brussels, Bernard van Orley was born about 1491. Although he is known to have traveled to Italy in the early 1500s, the earliest documented account of his life begins in 1515, the …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • Orley, Bernard van — ▪ Flemish painter Bernard also spelled  Bernaert  or  Barend   born 1492?, Brussels [now in Belgium] died 1542, Brussels       Flemish painter of religious subjects and portraits and designer of tapestries.       The son of the painter Valentin… …   Universalium

  • Bernard van Orley — Alleged portrait of Bernard van Orley by Albrecht Dürer. Birth name Bernard van Orley Born between 1487 and 1491 …   Wikipedia

  • Bernard Van Orley — Portrait de Bernard van Orley par Albrecht Dürer …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bernard van orley — Portrait de Bernard van Orley par Albrecht Dürer …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bernard van Orley — Bernard van Orley, retratado por Alberto Durero Nombre de nacimiento Bernard o Bernaert van Orley Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bernard van Orley — Anonyme (portrait présumé de Bernard van Orley) par Albrecht Dürer …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bernard van Orley — Triptychon des Philippe de Haneton Bernard van Orley, (* 1491 oder 1492 in Brüssel; † 6. Januar 1542 in Brüssel; mit Vornamen auch Barend oder Bernaert oder Bernart), war niederländischer Maler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Van Orley, Bernard — (1495 1542); aka Van Orley, Barend / Barent van Brussel / Bernardo di Brusseles / d Orlich / d Ourlech / Orlet    Religious and portrait painter, tapestry and stained glass window designer. Trained by his father Valentin d Orley. Attributed to… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Orley — Triptychon des Philippe de Haneton Bernard van Orley, (* 1491 oder 1492 in Brüssel; † 6. Januar 1542 in Brüssel; mit Vornamen auch Barend oder Bernaert oder Bernart), war niederländischer Maler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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